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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3591\margr2955\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3591\margrsxn2955\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx3542 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex83\expndtw19\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 THE DRAVIDIANS{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\sub\expndtw-25 XJ}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb221\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Unhappily, the problem of their origin is still a pusde, \expndtw6 almost defying any definite solution.    A number of \expndtw0 scholars strongly affirm that they were the descendants \expndtw3 of the primitive inhabitants of India, who in course of \expndtw6 time had ascended up the ladder of civilisation.   On \expndtw1 the ^ contrary,   others   are  of  opinion that they were foreign immigrants into this country from the  Tibetan \expndtw9 plateau or from the "Turanian homeland of Central \expndtw1 Asia."    Western Asia is, however, generally supposed \expndtw2 to have been their original abode, and the similarity of \expndtw3 the Dravidian and Sumerian ethnic types undoubtedly \expndtw1 lends some colour to this view.   In this connection we \expndtw11 must not omit to  take into account Brahui, the is\-\expndtw-1 land of Dravidian speech in Baluchistan.   It is believed \expndtw10 that it represents the tongue of those who lingered \expndtw6 on behind,  while .the  main body advanced towards \expndtw2 Hindustan through the mountain   passes.   This looks \expndtw-2 plausible   enough,   although    sometimes   a   different \expndtw1 conclusion is   drawn   from  the   existence of  Brahui \expndtw5 that there was a Dravidian over-flow from India into \expndtw-2 Baluchistan,   Whoever the Dravidians may have been,\super 1 \nosupersub\expndtw8 it is certain that they were an important  element,of \expndtw1 population both in Northern and Southern India. Their \expndtw4 languages still predominate in the South, but "Dravi\-\expndtw2 dian characteristics have been  traced    alike in Vedic and Classical Sanskrit, in the Prakrits or early popular \expndtw4 dialects, and in the modern vernaculars derived from \sub\expndtw1 &\nosupersub them."\super 2\nosupersub    The  Dravidians  were  conversant  with the \expndtw7 use of metals, and their pottery was of an improved \expndtw6 type.   They knew agriculture, and were perhaps the \expndtw5 earliest people to build dams across rivers for irriga\-tion purposes.   They constructed houses and fortifi-}\par }